The history of the Jews in Vienna, Austria can be traced back to the Middle Ages, with a small community present in the city in the 12th century. However, the Jewish population of Vienna did not begin to significantly grow until the late 18th century, when the city became the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
During the 19th century, Vienna became a major center of Jewish culture and intellectualism, with many prominent Jewish figures such as Sigmund Freud, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and Theodor Herzl calling the city home. This period also saw the rise of anti-Semitism in Austria, with the rise of political movements such as the Christian Social Party and the emergence of figures like Karl Lueger, the mayor of Vienna who promoted anti-Semitic policies.
In the early 20th century, the Jewish community of Vienna continued to thrive, with over 200,000 Jews living in the city. However, the rise of Nazism in Germany and the annexation of Austria into the Third Reich in 1938 marked a turning point in the history of Vienna’s Jews. The city’s Jewish population was subjected to increasing persecution and discrimination, and many were forced to flee or were sent to concentration camps.
During World War II, approximately 65,000 Jews from Vienna were murdered in the Holocaust. After the war, a small number of Jews returned to Vienna, but the community was greatly diminished. In the post-war period, the Jewish community of Vienna worked to rebuild and preserve their cultural heritage, but the trauma of the Holocaust and the loss of so many members of the community had a lasting impact on the Jewish community of Vienna.
In recent years, the Jewish community of Vienna has experienced a resurgence, with a growing population and the establishment of new synagogues and cultural centers. However, the history of the Jews in Vienna is forever marked by the atrocities of the Holocaust and the loss of so many members of the community.
Jewish Life in Vienna on Social Media
The original Jewish Vienna Virtual Tour
Welcome to The original Jewish Vienna Virtual Tour
Venturing into almost 1000 years of Jewish life in Vienna has never been so simple. We have licensed tour guides who can give tours of Jewish Vienna in English, Russian and German.
Modern Jewish life in Vienna is also discussed on the Vienna Jewish Tour, and sites toured of prominent Jewish History dating back centuries in Vienna. The best insider tour of Jewish Vienna will give insight to Jewish life in Vienna during the first, second and third exiles, which culminated in the Holocaust and the destruction of Vienna’s once thriving 220,000 strong community.
The original Jewish Vienna
As Vienna has a rich and vibrant Jewish history going back over 1000 years, it can be quite overwhelming to sit and set-up a plan to get the most out of your experience here.
Let us save you some time and effort and set-up a customized and original Jewish Vienna Tour.